The way a refrigerator works is that the coils underneath or in the back of the refrigerator exchange heat from inside the refrigerator to the outside (that’s why the areas around your refrigerator feel warm). A motor underneath your refrigerator circulates a liquid through these coils.
Placing your freezer directly near a heat source, outside in warm climates, or where the sun will shine on it, will cause it to work harder than it needs to - increasing energy costs. Find a cool, level and dry space, with adequate clearance at the back for good air circulation, and room overhead or to the side to open the freezer door.
Clean the condenser coils. Dusty condenser coils cause a refrigerator to work harder; which translates into bigger energy bills and a shorter life expectancy for the fridge. To prevent this from happening, use a vacuum or broom to remove dust build up from the coils every three months. Depending on the model that you own, the coils will either be located behind the refrigerator or underneath it.
Clean the drain hole and drip pan. Most refrigerators rely on a drain hole and drip pan to remove condensation, so it’s important that these function properly. Remove any food particles and mineral deposits from the drain hole according to the instructions in your owner’s manual. Then, scrub out the drain pan.
Check and clean the gaskets. The gaskets on the refrigerator and freezer doors are designed to seal the cool air in and to keep the warm air out. So, it’s important to make sure that seal is as strong as it should be. Look over the gaskets to see if there are spots that are cracked or otherwise damaged. Then, shut a dollar bill in the door, and see if you can pull it out easily. If either test turns up problems, consider replacing the gasket. Clean the gaskets with vinegar.
Check for level. If your refrigerator isn’t level the doors may not close on their own or may not seal as tightly as they’re supposed to. Check to see if your fridge is level by placing a carpenter’s level on top of your unit. Adjust the feet (by hand or with a wrench) until you achieve level.
For more on this or other home care subjects, contact Scott at www.scottsauer.com.